Џедкаре Исеси

Од Википедија — слободната енциклопедија
Прејди на прегледникот Прејди на пребарувањето
Џедкаре Исеси
Djedkara, Izezi, Izzj, Asosi, Tankeris
Релјеф на Џедкаре Исеси, Египетски музеј во Берлин
Фараон на Египет
ВладеелБарем 33 години, а можеби повеќе од 44 години, кон крајот на 25 и средина на 24 век п.н.е.[note 1], Петта династија
ПретходникМенкаухор Каиу
НаследникУнас
СопружнициСетибхор
ЗакопанЏедкарева пирамида

Џедкаре Исеси (познат на грчки јазик како Танхерес) бил осмиот и претпоследен фараон на Петтата египетска династија од крајот на 25 век п.н.е. до средината на 24 век п.н.е., за време на Старото Кралство. Џедкаре го наследил Менкаухор Каиу и бил заменет од Унас. Неговите односи со двата од овие фараони остануваат непознати, иако често се претпоставува дека Унас бил син на Џедкаре, благодарение на непреченото предавање на власта меѓу нив.

Џедкаре веројатно владеел повеќе од 40 години, што навестувало нов период во историјата на Старото Кралство. Спротивно на дотогашната традиција која постоела уште од времето на Усеркаф, Џедкаре не изградил храм за богот на сонцето Ра, што веројатно било поради подемот на Озирис во египетскиот пантеон. Уште поважно, Џедкаре извршил сеопфатни реформи на египетската државна администрација. Тој, исто така, ги реорганизирал погребните култови на неговите предци погребани во некрополата Абусир и го реформирал свештенството.

Џедкаре испраќал експедиции на Синај за да набави бакар и тиркиз, во Нубија за злато и диорит и во легендарната земја Пунт за темјан. Зборот „Нуб“, што значи злато, за првпат бил запишан наместо Нубија, за време на владеењето на Џедкаре. За време на неговото владеење, Египет, исто така, ги продолжил трговските односи со брегот на Левант и извршил рации во Ханаан. Една од најраните претстави на битка или опсада била пронајдена во гробот на Џедкаре.

Џедкаре бил погребан во пирамида во Сакара по име Нефер Џедкаре („Џедкаре е совршен“), која сега е руинирана поради кражбата на камен од надворешниот ѕид за време на антиката. Во погребната комора сè уште била мумијата на Џедкаре, кога била ископана во 1940-ти години. Испитувањата на мумијата откриле дека тој починал на свои педесетти години. По неговата смрт, Џедкаре бил предмет на култ кој траел најмалку до крајот на Старото Кралство. Тој бил особено обожуван за време на средината од Шестата династија, чии фараони принесувале богати жртви на неговиот култ. Археолошките докази сугерираат продолжување на постоењето на овој погребен култ низ многу подоцнежното Ново Кралство (околу 1550-1077 п.н.е.). Џедкаре, исто така, бил запаметен од старите Египќани како фараонот на везирот Птахотеп, наводниот автор на Максимите на Птахотеп, едно од најраните дела на филозофската мудрост.

Исеси-анк прикажан на стела од неговата лажна врата[16]

Наводи[уреди | уреди извор]

  1. Verner 2001b, стр. 589.
  2. Altenmüller 2001, стр. 600.
  3. Hawass & Senussi 2008, стр. 10.
  4. Malek 2000, стр. 100.
  5. Rice 1999, стр. 46–47.
  6. Clayton 1994, стр. 60.
  7. Sowada & Grave 2009, стр. 3.
  8. Lloyd 2010, стр. xxxiv.
  9. Strudwick 2005, стр. xxx.
  10. von Beckerath 1999, стр. 60–61 & 283.
  11. Strudwick 1985, стр. 3.
  12. Hornung 2012, стр. 491.
  13. 13,0 13,1 13,2 13,3 Leprohon 2013, стр. 40.
  14. Clayton 1994, стр. 61.
  15. Mariette 1864, стр. 15.
  16. Mariette 1885, стр. 191.

Библиографија[уреди | уреди извор]

Allen, James; Allen, Susan; Anderson, Julie; Arnold, Arnold; Arnold, Dorothea; Cherpion, Nadine; David, Élisabeth; Grimal, Nicolas; и др. (1999). Egyptian Art in the Age of the Pyramids. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 978-0-8109-6543-0. OCLC 41431623. http://www.metmuseum.org/research/metpublications/Egyptian_Art_in_the_Age_of_the_Pyramids. 
Altenmüller, Hartwig. Bemerkungen zur Gründung der 6. Dynastie (на German). „Hildesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge“. Festschrift Jürgen von Beckerath zum 70. Geburtstag am 19. Februar 1990 (Hildesheim: Pelizaeus-Museum) том  30. http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/propylaeumdok/1586/. 
Altenmüller, Hartwig (2001). „Old Kingdom: Fifth Dynasty“. Redford, Donald B.. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, Volume 2. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510234-5. 
Andrassy, Petra (2008) (на German). Untersuchungen zum ägyptischen Staat des Alten Reiches und seinen Institutionen. Internet-Beiträge zur Ägyptologie und Sudanarchäologie, 11. Berlin; London: Golden House Publications. ISBN 978-1-906137-08-3. http://www2.hu-berlin.de/nilus/net-publications/ibaes11/publikation/ibaes11_andrassy.pdf. 
Baer, Klaus (1960). Rank and Title in the Old Kingdom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-03412-6. 
Baker, Darrell (2008). The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC. Stacey International. ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9. 
Batrawi, Ahmed. The Pyramid Studies. Anatomical Reports. „Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte“ (Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire) том  47. 
Baud, Michel; Dobrev, Vassil. De nouvelles annales de l'Ancien Empire Egyptien. Une "Pierre de Palerme" pour la VIe dynastie (на French). „Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'Archeologie Orientale (BIFAO)“ том  95. http://www.ifao.egnet.net/bifao/Bifao095_art_03.pdf. 
Baud, Michel (1999a) (на French). Famille Royale et pouvoir sous l'Ancien Empire égyptien. Tome 1. Bibliothèque d'étude 126/1. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale. ISBN 978-2-7247-0250-7. http://www.gizapyramids.org/pdf_library/baud_famille_1.pdf. 
Baud, Michel (1999b) (на French). Famille Royale et pouvoir sous l'Ancien Empire égyptien. Tome 2. Bibliothèque d'étude 126/2. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale. ISBN 978-2-7247-0250-7. http://www.gizapyramids.org/pdf_library/baud_famille_2.pdf. 
Borchardt, Ludwig (1907) (на German). Das grabdenkmal des königs Ne-user-reʻ. Ausgrabungen der Deutschen orient-gesellschaft in Abusir 1902–1904. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. OCLC 6724337. 
Breasted, James Henry (1962). Ancient records of Egypt: historical documents from the earliest times to the Persian conquest. New York: Russell & Russell. OCLC 412820. http://www.gizapyramids.org/pdf_library/breasted_ancient_records_I.pdf. 
Brovarski, Edward (2001). Der Manuelian, Peter; Simpson, William Kelly. уред-ци. The Senedjemib Complex, Part 1. The Mastabas of Senedjemib Inti (G 2370), Khnumenti (G 2374), and Senedjemib Mehi (G 2378). Giza Mastabas. 7. Boston: Art of the Ancient World, Museum of Fine Arts. ISBN 978-0-87846-479-1. http://www.gizapyramids.org/static/html/gizamastabas7.jsp. 
Clayton, Peter (1994). Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-05074-3. 
„Collection Online. Papyrus Abu Sir“. British Museum. конс. 3 February 2016. 
„Djedkare Isesi“. Digital Egypt for Universities. конс. 27 March 2016. 
„Djedkare on the BMFA online collection“. Boston Museum of Fine Arts. конс. 25 March 2016. 
„Djedkare on the MMA online catalog“. Metropolitan Museum of Art. конс. 25 March 2016. 
Dodson, Aidan; Hilton, Dyan (2004). The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. London: Thames & Hudson Ltd. ISBN 978-0-500-05128-3. 
Dorman, Peter (2015). „The 5th dynasty (c. 2465–c. 2325 bc)“. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. конс. 22 January 2016. 
Eichler, Eckhard. Untersuchungen zu den Königsbriefen des Alten Reiches (на German). „Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur (SAK)“ том  18. ISSN 0340-2215. 
Gardiner, Alan; Peet, Eric; Černý, Jaroslav (1955). The inscriptions of Sinai. London: Egypt Exploration Society. OCLC 699651. 
Gardiner, Alan (1959). The Royal Canon of Turin. Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum. OCLC 21484338. 
Goedicke, Hans (2000). „Abusir–Saqqara–Giza“. Bárta, Miroslav; Krejčí, Jaromír. Abusir and Saqqara in the year 2000. Archív orientální, Supplementa. 9. Prague: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Oriental Institute. ISBN 978-8-08-542539-0. 
Goelet, Ogden (1999). „Abu Gurab“. Bard, Kathryn; Shubert, Stephen Blake. Encyclopedia of the archaeology of ancient Egypt. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-98283-9. 
Griffiths, John Gwyn (1966). The origins of Osiris. Münchner ägyptologische Studien. 9. Berlin: Bruno Hessling. OCLC 470565768. 
Grimal, Nicolas (1992). A History of Ancient Egypt. Translated by Ian Shaw. Oxford: Blackwell publishing. ISBN 978-0-631-19396-8. 
Harrell, James (2001). „Diorite and related rocks“. Redford, Donald B.. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510234-5. 
Hawass, Zahi; Senussi, Ashraf (2008). Old Kingdom Pottery from Giza. American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 978-977-305-986-6. 
Hayes, William (1978). The Scepter of Egypt: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 1, From the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. OCLC 7427345. http://www.metmuseum.org/research/metpublications/The_Scepter_of_Egypt_Vol_1_From_the_Earliest_Times_to_the_End_of_the_Middle_Kingdom. 
Horne, Charles Francis (1917). The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East: with historical surveys of the chief writings of each nation. Vol. II: Egypt. New York: Parke, Austin, & Lipscomb. OCLC 557745. 
Hornung, Erik; Krauss, Rolf; Warburton, David, уред-ци (2012). Ancient Egyptian Chronology. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Leiden and Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-11385-5. 
Jánosi, Peter. Die Pyramidenanlage der "anonymen Königin" des Djedkare-Isesi (на German). „Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo“ (Zabern Verlag) том  45. ISBN 978-3-8053-1106-9. 
Kanawati, Naguib (1980). Governmental reforms in Old Kingdom Egypt. Modern Egyptology series. Warminster, England: Aris & Phillips. ISBN 978-0-85668-168-4. 
Kanawati, Naguib; McFarlane, Ann S. (1993). Deshasha: the tombs of Inti, Shedu and others. Reports (Australian Centre for Egyptology). 5. Sydney: The Australian Centre for Egyptology. ISBN 978-0-85668-617-7. 
Kanawati, Naguib (2003). Conspiracies in the Egyptian Palace: Unis to Pepy I. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-16673-4. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=yQeCAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA163. 
Klemm, Rosemarie; Klemm, Dietrich (2013). Gold and gold mining in ancient Egypt and Nubia : geoarchaeology of the ancient gold mining sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese eastern deserts. Natural science in archaeology. Berlin; New-York: Springer. ISBN 978-1-283-93479-4. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ky8bVJ_fYEAC&pg=PA604. 
Labrousse, Audran; Lauer, Jean-Philippe; Leclant, Jean (1977). Le temple haut du complexe funéraire du roi Ounas. Bibliothèque d'étude, tome 73. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire. OCLC 5065554. 
Leclant, Jean (1999). „Saqqara, pyramids of the 5th and 6th Dynasties“. Bard, Kathryn; Shubert, Stephen Blake. Encyclopedia of the archaeology of ancient Egypt. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-98283-9. 
Lehner, Mark (2008). The Complete Pyramids. New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-28547-3. 
Leprohon, Ronald J. (2013). The great name: ancient Egyptian royal titulary. Writings from the ancient world, no. 33. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. ISBN 978-1-58983-736-2. https://books.google.fr/books?hl=fr&id=1H3JAgAAQBAJ&q=Djedkare#v=snippet&q=Djedkare&f=false. 
Lepsius, Karl Richard (1846–1856) (на German). Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, Abteilung II Band III: Altes Reich. Berlin. OCLC 60700892. http://edoc3.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/lepsius/tafelwa2.html. 
Lloyd, Alan (2010). Lloyd, Alan. уред. A Companion to Ancient Egypt. Volume I. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-5598-4. 
„Louvre, online collection“. Site Officiel du Musée du Louvre. конс. 25 March 2016. 
Malek, Jaromir (2000). „The Old Kingdom (c.2160–2055 BC)“. Shaw, Ian. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-815034-3. 
Maragioglio, Vito; Rinaldi, Celeste (1963–1977) (на Italian). L'architettura delle piramidi Menfite II-VIII. Torino: Rapallo. OCLC 891321950. 
Marcolin, Michele (2006). „Iny, a much-traveled official of the Sixth Dynasty: unpublished reliefs in Japan“. Bárta, Miroslav; Coppens, Filip; Krejčí, Jaromír. Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2005, Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague (June 27–July 5, 2005). Prague: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Oriental Institute. ISBN 978-80-7308-116-4. 
Mariette, Auguste. La table de Saqqarah (на French). „Revue Archéologique“ (Paris) том  10. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5701445z. 
Mariette, Auguste (1885). Maspero, Gaston. уред. Les mastabas de l'ancien empire : fragment du dernier ouvrage de Auguste Édouard Mariette. Paris: F. Vieweg. OCLC 722498663. http://www.gizapyramids.org/pdf_library/mariette_mastabas.pdf. 
„Metropolitan Museum of Art, online collection“. MET website. конс. 25 March 2016. 
Morales, Antonio J. (2006). „Traces of official and popular veneration to Nyuserra Iny at Abusir. Late Fifth Dynasty to the Middle Kingdom“. Bárta, Miroslav; Coppens, Filip; Krejčí, Jaromír. Abusir and Saqqara in the Year 2005, Proceedings of the Conference held in Prague (June 27–July 5, 2005). Prague: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Oriental Institute. ISBN 978-80-7308-116-4. 
Moursi, Mohamed. Die Ausgrabungen in der Gegend um die Pyramide des Dd-KA-Ra "Issj" bei Saqqara (на German). „Annales du service des antiquités de l'Égypte“ (Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire). 
Mumford, G. D. (1999). „Wadi Maghara“. Bard, Kathryn; Shubert, Stephen Blake. Encyclopedia of the archaeology of ancient Egypt. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-98283-9. 
Munro, Peter (1993) (на German). Das Unas-Friedhof Nord-West I: topographisch-historische Einleitung. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern. ISBN 978-3-8053-1353-7. 
Murray, Margaret Alice (1905). Saqqara Mastabas. Part I. Egyptian research account, 10th year. London: Bernard Quaritch. OCLC 458801811. http://www.etana.org/sites/default/files/coretexts/15132.pdf. 
Nelson, Harold Hayden (1934). Fragments of Egyptian Old Kingdom stone vases from Byblos. Berytus. Beirut: American Press. OCLC 43136638. 
„Nubia“. Catholic Encyclopedia. конс. 6 February 2016. 
Petrie, Flinders (1898). Deshasheh, 1897. London, Boston: Sold at the offices of the Egypt Exploration Fund 1898. OCLC 499980. https://archive.org/details/deshasheh15petr. 
Petrie, Flinders; Weigall, Arthur; Saba, Mahmoud (1902). Abydos: part I. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. OCLC 66463090. http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/petrie1902bd1. 
„Petrie museum, online collection“. Petrie Museum. конс. 25 March 2016. 
Pierret, Paul (1873) (на French). Catalogue de la Salle historique de la Galerie égyptienne suivi d'un glossaire. Paris: C. de Mourgues frères. OCLC 681506729. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=A0A0s7CFCbUC&pg=PA84. 
Posener-Kriéger, Paule; de Cenival, Jean Louis (1968). The Abu Sir Papyri. Hieratic papyri in the British Museum. 5. London: Trustees of the British Museum. OCLC 5035958. 
Porter, Bertha; Moss, Rosalind L. B.; Burney, Ethel W.; Malek, Jaromír (1981). Topographical bibliography of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic texts, reliefs, and paintings. III Memphis; Pt. 2. Ṣaqqâra to Dahshûr. Oxford: Griffith Institute. ISBN 978-0-900416-24-8. http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/topbib/pdf/pm3-2.pdf. 
Porter, Bertha; Moss, Rosalind L. B.; Burney, Ethel W. (1951). Topographical bibliography of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic texts, reliefs, and paintings. VII Nubia, the deserts, and outside Egypt. Oxford: Griffith Institute, Clarendon Press. OCLC 312542797. http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/topbib/pdf/pm7.pdf. 
Redford, Donald (1992). Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-03606-9. 
Rice, Michael (1999). Who is who in Ancient Egypt. Routledge London & New York. ISBN 978-0-203-44328-6. 
Roccati, Alessandro (1982) (на French). La Littérature historique sous l'ancien empire égyptien. Littératures anciennes du Proche-Orient. 11. Paris: Editions du Cerf. ISBN 978-2-204-01895-1. 
Roth, Ann Macy (1995). A cemetery of palace attendants: including G 2084–2099, G 2230+2231, and G 2240. Giza Mastabas. 6. Boston: Dept. of Ancient Egyptian, Nubian, and Near Eastern Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. ISBN 978-0-87846-385-5. 
Schmitz, Bettina (1976) (на German). Untersuchungen zum Titel s3-njśwt "Königssohn". Habelts Dissertationsdrucke: Reihe Ägyptologie. 2. Bonn: Habelt. ISBN 978-3-7749-1370-7. 
Otto, Eberhard; Assmann, Jan; Feucht, Erika и др., уред-ци (1977). „Die Biographie des Ka-em-tenenet“ (на German). Fragen an die altägyptische Literatur : Studien zum Gedenken an Eberhard Otto. Wiesbaden: Reichert. ISBN 978-3-88226-002-1. 
Schulman, Alan. Beyond the fringe. Sources for Old Kingdom foreign affairs. „Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities“ том  9. ISSN 0383-9753. 
„Seal of office“. Collections: The Ancient World. Boston Museum of Fine Arts. конс. 12 June 2015. 
Seipel, Wilfried (1980). Untersuchungen zu den ägyptischen Königinnen der Frühzeit und des Alten Reiches : Quellen und historische Einordnung (Труд) (German). Universität Hamburg. OCLC 256076594. 
Sethe, Kurt Heinrich (1903) (на German). Urkunden des Alten Reichs. wikipedia entry: Urkunden des Alten Reichs. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. OCLC 846318602. http://www.egyptologyforum.org/EEFUrk.html. 
Sicker, Martin (2000). The pre-Islamic Middle East. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-313-00083-6. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=5MYFOWRZ8Z4C&pg=PA12. 
Sowada, Karin N.; Grave, Peter (2009). Egypt in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Old Kingdom: an archaeological perspective. Orbis biblicus et orientalis, 237. Fribourg: Academic Press; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=bwJe63dlNxUC&pg=PA146. 
Stadelman, Rainer. Königinnengrab und Pyramidenbezirk im Alten Reich. „Annales du service des antiquités de l'Égypte“ том  71. 
Stevenson Smith, William (1971). „The Old Kingdom in Egypt“. Edwards, I. E. S.; Gadd, C. J.; Hammond, N. G. L.. The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 2, Part 2: Early History of the Middle East. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-07791-0. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=slR7SFScEnwC&pg=PA188&dq=Djedkare&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UJz4VIjGLcbkUtbIgrgL&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Djedkare&f=false. 
Strudwick, Nigel (1985). The Administration of Egypt in the Old Kingdom: The Highest Titles and Their Holders. Studies in Egyptology. London; Boston: Kegan Paul International. ISBN 978-0-7103-0107-9. http://www.gizapyramids.org/static/pdf%20library/strudwick_admininstration.pdf. 
Strudwick, Nigel C. (2005). Texts from the Pyramid Age. Writings from the Ancient World (book 16). Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. ISBN 978-1-58983-680-8. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=sgoVryxihuMC&q=Djedkare&hl=en#v=snippet&q=Djedkare&f=false. 
Tallet, Pierre. Prendre la mer à Ayn Soukhna au temps du roi Isesi (на French). „Bulletin de la Société Française d'Egyptologie (BSFE)“ том  177–178. http://f.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/2495/files/2015/02/BSFE177-178_Talletv5-libre.pdf. 
Tallet, Pierre. Ayn Sukhna and Wadi el-Jarf: Two newly discovered pharaonic harbours on the Suez Gulf. „British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan“ том  18. https://www.britishmuseum.org/PDF/Tallet.pdf. 
„Tell Edfu project“. University of Chicago Oriental Institute. 2018. Архивирано од изворникот на 2018-12-01. 
Thompson, Stephen (1999). „Textual sources, Old Kingdom“. Bard, Kathryn; Shubert, Stephen Blake. Encyclopedia of the archaeology of ancient Egypt. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-203-98283-9. 
„Tomb chapel of Raemkai, MMA online catalog“. Metropolitan Museum of Art. конс. 23 January 2016. 
Trigger, Bruce (2003). Understanding early civilizations: a comparative study. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-82245-9. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ZEX-yZOAG9IC&pg=PA134. 
Tyldesley, Joyce (2005) (на French). À la découverte des pyramides d'Égypte. Champollion. Monaco: Éditions du Rocher. ISBN 978-2-268-05326-4. 
Valbelle, Dominique; Bonnet, Charles (1996) (на French). Le sanctuaire d'Hathor, maîtresse de la turquoise: Sérabit el-Khadim au Moyen Empire. Paris: Picard. ISBN 978-2-7084-0514-1. 
Vermeule, Emily; Stone, Zemurray; Vermeule, Cornelius. Aegean Gold Hoard and the Court of Egypt. „Curator: The Museum Journal“ том  13 (1). 
Verner, Miroslav. Les sculptures de Rêneferef découvertes à Abousir [avec 16 planches] (на French). „Bulletin de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale“ том  85. http://www.ifao.egnet.net/bifao/Bifao085_art_23.pdf. 
Verner, Miroslav; Zemina, Milan (1994). Forgotten pharaohs, lost pyramids: Abusir. Praha: Academia Škodaexport. ISBN 978-80-200-0022-4. http://egyptologie.ff.cuni.cz/pdf/Forgotten%20Pharaohs,%20Lost%20Pyramids.pdf. 
Verner, Miroslav (3 ноември г). Archaeological Remarks on the 4th and 5th Dynasty Chronology. „Archiv Orientální“ том  69 (3): 363–418. http://www.gizapyramids.org/pdf_library/verner_archiv_or_69.pdf. 
Verner, Miroslav (2001b). „Old Kingdom: An Overview“. Redford, Donald B.. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt, Volume 2. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510234-5. 
Verner, Miroslav (2002). The Pyramids: their Archaeology and History. London: Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-903809-45-7. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=nIFR5PiplHAC&dq=editions%3AISBN0802139353&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Djedkare. 
Verner, Miroslav; Callender, Vivienne; Strouhal, Evžen (2002). Abusir VI: Djedkare's family cemetery. Excavations of the Czech Institute of Egyptology. Prague: Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University. ISBN 978-80-86277-22-6. http://egyptologie.ff.cuni.cz/pdf/ABUSIR%20VI.pdf. 
von Beckerath, Jürgen (1999) (на German). Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen. Münchner ägyptologische Studien, Heft 49, Mainz : Philip von Zabern. ISBN 978-3-8053-2591-2. 
Waddell, William Gillan (1971). Manetho. Loeb classical library, 350. Cambridge, Massachusetts; London: Harvard University Press; W. Heinemann. OCLC 6246102. https://archive.org/stream/manethowithengli00maneuoft#page/n85/mode/2up. 
Weigall, Arthur (1907). A report on the antiquities of Lower Nubia (the first Cataract to the Sudan frontier) and their condition in 1906–7. Oxford: Oxford University Press. OCLC 6444528. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=XsEsCQAAQBAJ&pg=PA1. 
Wente, Edward Frank (1990). Meltzer, Edmund S. уред. Letters from Ancient Egypt. Writings from the ancient world. 1. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press. ISBN 978-1-55540-473-4. 
Wildung, Dietrich (1969) (на German). Die Rolle ägyptischer Könige im Bewußtsein ihrer Nachwelt. Teil I. Posthume Quellen über die Könige der ersten vier Dynastien. Münchner Ägyptologische Studien. 17. Berlin: Verlag Bruno Hessling. OCLC 635608696. 
Young, William J.. The Fabulous Gold of the Pactolus Valley. „Boston Museum Bulletin“ том  LXX. http://gizapyramids.org/static/pdf%20library/bmfa_pdfs/bmfa70_1972_04to13.pdf. 


Грешка во наводот: Има ознаки <ref> за група именувана како „note“, но нема соодветна ознака <references group="note"/>, или пак недостасува завршно </ref>.