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This template encapsulates the <references /> tag to show the list of references defined by <ref></ref> tags, with some formatting. It reduces the font size and has options for columns and groups. References can be defined within the body of the article or within the reference list.

The <ref></ref> and <references /> tags are part of the Cite.php MediaWiki extension.

{{Reflist}} may be used with {{refbegin}} and {{refend}} to format different styles of references.

Usage[уреди]

Using only footnote-style references
== Content ==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

== References ==
{{reflist}}
Using only bibliographical style references
== Content ==
Lorem ipsum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

== References ==
{{refbegin}}
* reference 1
* reference 2
{{refend}}
Using both footnote-style and bibiography-style references
== Content ==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

== References ==
{{reflist}}

{{refbegin}}
* reference 1
* reference 2
{{refend}}

Font size[уреди]

The font size should reduce to 90% for most browsers, but may appear to show at 100% for Internet Explorer and possibly other browsers.[1] Note that there is no consensus that a small font size should always be used for references; when normal-sized font is more appropriate on an article, use <references /> instead.

Columns[уреди]

Columns are currently supported only by Mozilla Firefox and other Gecko-based browsers. See #Browser support for columns for more information.

Using {{reflist|2}} will create a two-column reference list, and {{reflist|3}} will create a three-column list. Three-column lists are inaccessible to users with smaller/laptop monitors and should be avoided.

Using {{reflist|colwidth=30em}} will allow the browser to automatically choose the number of columns based on the width of the web browser. Choose a column width that is appropriate for the average width of the references on the page.

Multiple uses[уреди]

If {{reflist}} is used multiple times without a parameter, each instance will include all of the previous define references. To force the parser to close previous references, each use of {{reflist}} must be forced as a new instance by the use of any parameter. Even a undefined parameter such as {{reflist|close=1}} will force the references to close.

Grouped references[уреди]

As of June 2008, the footnotes system supports the separation of references into groups. This allows groups for explanatory notes, table references and the like. See Wikipedia:Footnotes#Separating reference lists and explanatory notes.

The general format for the reference tag would be:

<ref group="groupname">

And for the reflist:

{{reflist|group="groupname"}}
Where groupname would be a group identifier such as "note", "nb" or "label".
For list-defined grouped references, use |refs=.

Within the references list:

{{reflist|group="groupname"|refs=
<ref name="name1">content1</ref>
<ref name="name2">content2</ref>
}}

These references would be invoked in the content as:

<ref group="groupname" name="name1" /><ref group="groupname" name="name2" />

List-defined references[уреди]

As of September 2009, references may be defined within {{reflist}} using |refs= and invoked within the content. There are new error messages associated with this update, documented at Help:Cite errors.

For example:

This is reference 1.<ref name="refname1" group="groupname"/>
This is reference 2.<ref name="refname2" group="groupname"/>
This is reference 3.<ref name="refname3" group="groupname"/>

{{reflist|
refs=
<ref name="refname1" group="groupname">content1</ref>
<ref name="refname2" group="groupname">content2</ref>
<ref name="refname3" group="groupname">content3</ref>
}}

This is reference 1.[groupname 1] This is reference 2.[groupname 2] This is reference 3.[groupname 3]

  1. content1
  2. content2
  3. content3

Technical details[уреди]

Browser support for columns[уреди]

Multiple columns are generated by using CSS3, which is still in development; thus only browsers that properly support the multi-column property will show multiple columns.[5][6]

Supporting CSS[уреди]

{{Reflist}} uses a CSS rule in MediaWiki:Common.css to set the font size:

  • .references-small { font-size: 90%;}

These classes are used directly in the template for the columns:

  • .references-column-count
  • .references-column-width

These properties are used in the template:

  • column-count CSS3 standard
  • column-width:auto CSS3 standard
  • -moz-column-count Mozilla CSS extension
  • -moz-column-width Mozilla CSS extension
  • -webkit-column-count Webkit CSS extension (disabled)
  • -webkit-column-width Webkit CSS extension (disabled)

Customizing the view[уреди]

By editing your CSS, the personal appearance of the reference list can be customized. From Preferences, select the Appearance tab, then on the selected skin select Custom CSS. After editing and saving, follow the instructions at the top of the page to purge. See Wikipedia:Skin#Customisation (advanced users) for more help.

Font size

The font size defaults to 90% of the standard size. To change it, add:

.references-small { font-size: 90%;}

Change 90% to the desired size.

Columns

To disable columns, add:

.references-column-count, .references-column-width {
    column-count:1 !important;
    column-width:auto !important;
    -moz-column-count:1 !important;
    -moz-column-width:auto !important;
    -webkit-column-count:1 !important;
    -webkit-column-width:auto !important;
}

Similarly, to force all reference lists to a number of columns, change the number.

Collapsing and scrolling[уреди]

There have been a number of requests to add functionality for a collapsible or scrolling reference list. These requests have not been fulfilled to due to issues with readability, accessibility, and printing. The applicable guidelines are at Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Scrolling lists and Wikipedia:Accessibility#Scrolling and collapsible sections.

The links between the inline cite and the reference list do not work when the reference list is enclosed in a collapsed box.

See also[уреди]

References[уреди]