Џими Хофа

Од Википедија — слободната енциклопедија
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Џими Хофа
РоденJames Riddle Hoffa
февруари 14, 1913(1913-02-14)
Brazil, Indiana, U.S.
ПресудиAttempted bribery and jury tampering (1964)
Conspiracy, mail and wire fraud (1964)
ЗанимањеTrade unionist
СопружникJosephine Hoffa (née Poszywak) (в. 1936)

James Riddle Hoffa (born February 14, 1913; disappeared July 30, 1975, declared dead July 30, 1982) was an American labor union leader who served as the President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) from 1957 until 1971.

Од најрана возраст, Хоффа бил синдикален активист и станал важна регионална фигура со ИБТ (IBT) во средината на своите 20-ти години. Во 1952 година, тој бил национален вице-претседател на ИБТ и бил најзин генерален претседател меѓу 1957 и 1971 година. Тој го овозмоѓил првиот национален договор за приходите на возачите на камиони во 1964 година со Националниот Договор за Голем превоз. Тој играл главна улога во растот и развојот на синдикатот, кој на крај станал најголем (според членство) во САД со преку 2.3 милиони членови во најдоброто време, за време на неговото предводење.

Хофа бил вклучен во организиран криминал од почетокот на неговата работа со возачите на камиони; оваа врска продолѓила се до неговото исчезнување во 1975 година. Тој бил обвинет за jury tampering, attempted bribery, conspiracy, and mail and wire fraud in 1964, in two separate trials. He was imprisoned in 1967 and sentenced to 13 years. In mid-1971, he resigned as president of the union as part of a commutation agreement with President Richard Nixon, and he was released later that year, although he was barred from union activities until 1980. Hoffa, hoping to regain support and to return to IBT leadership, unsuccessfully attempted to overturn the order.

Hoffa disappeared on July 30, 1975. His body was never found and he was declared legally dead in 1982.

Early life and family[уреди | уреди извор]

Hoffa was born in Brazil, Indiana, on February 14, 1913, to John and Viola (née Riddle) Hoffa.[1] His father, who was of German descent (now referred to as Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry),[2] died in 1920 from lung disease when Hoffa was seven years old.[3] His mother was of Irish ancestry.[1] The family moved to Detroit in 1924, where Hoffa was raised and lived the rest of his life. Hoffa left school at age 14 and began working full-time manual labor jobs to help support his family.

Hoffa married Josephine Poszywak, an 18-year-old Detroit laundry worker of Polish heritage, in Bowling Green, Ohio, on September 24, 1936; the couple had met during a non-unionized laundry workers' strike action six months earlier.[4][5] The couple had two children: a daughter, Barbara Ann Crancer, and a son, James P. Hoffa. The Hoffas paid $6,800 in 1939 for a modest home in northwest Detroit.[6] The family later owned a simple summer lakefront cottage in Orion Township, Michigan, north of Detroit.[7]

  1. 1,0 1,1 'Out of the Jungle'. nytimes.com. September 9, 2001. Архивирано од изворникот на December 11, 2019. конс. December 11, 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (помош)
  2. Sloane, Arthur A. (1991). Hoffa. MIT Press. стр. 3. ISBN 978-0-262-19309-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=86-GAAkOIXIC. посет. 27 октомври 2014 г. „Hoffa's father was a coal miner and of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) lineage.“ 
  3. Martin, John Bartlow (1959). Jimmy Hoffa's Hot: A Crest special. Fawcett Publications. стр. 28. https://books.google.com/books?id=tUUYAAAAIAAJ. посет. 27 октомври 2014 г. 
  4. Sloane, pp. 25–26
  5. Грешка во наводот: Погрешна ознака <ref>; нема зададено текст за наводите по име jo.
  6. Moldea, first edition, p. 25; Sloane, p. 54
  7. Sloane, p. 54