Шаблон:Наведена книга

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(Пренасочено од Шаблон:Цитирана книга)
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Икона за документација Шаблонска документација[преглед] [уреди] [историја] [превчитај]

This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for books. This template replaces the deprecated {{book reference}}.

Начин на користење[уреди]

Сите параметри во шаблонот мора да бидат со мали букви.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

No templates or magic words are necessary when using an ISBN, OCLC number, or DOI as an identifier. Instead of using the id field in these instances, simply use the appropriate field. For instance, type isbn= followed by the number instead of id=ISBN. Templates are available for other identification number types to be used in the ID field ({{ISSN}}, {{LCCN}}, {{LCC}}, etc.) if these aren't available. See also the complete description of fields.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{Цитирана книга |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |url= |format= |accessdate= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
Most commonly used fields (use this and you won't have to delete as much)
{{Цитирана книга |title= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages= |url= |accessdate=}}
Пример 1

{{цитирана книга |last= Cordell |first= Bruce R. |coauthors= Jeff Grubb, David Yu |title= [[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher= [[Wizards of the Coast]] |year= 2001 |month= September |isbn= 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Jeff Grubb, David Yu (September 2001). „Manual of the Planes“. Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8. 

Пример 2
{{цитирана книга
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  | publisher = [[Springer-Verlag]]
  | series = Lecture notes in mathematics 1358
  | year = 1999
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X }}

Mumford, David (1999). „The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes“. Lecture notes in mathematics 1358. Springer-Verlag. doi:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. 

Vertical list Prerequisites * Brief instructions
{{цитирана книга
|last=
|first=
|authorlink=
|coauthors=
|firstn=,lastn=
|editor=
|editorn=
|editorn-last
|editorn-first
|editor-link
|editorn-link
|others=
|title=
|url=
|format=
|accessdate=
|edition=
|series=
|volume=
|date=
|origyear=
|year=
|month=
|publisher=
|location=
|language=
|isbn=
|oclc=
|doi=
|bibcode=
|id=
|page=
|pages=
|nopp=
|chapter=
|chapterurl=
|quote=
|ref=
|laysummary=
|laydate=
|separator= 
|postscript= 
|lastauthoramp=
}}
   
  
 last
 last 
 last  
   
  
  
  
 editorn-last
 editor or editor-last
 editorn or editorn-last
  
  
  
 url
 url
  
  
  
  
 year or date
  
 year
  
 publisher
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 page or pages
  
 chapter
  
  
  
 laysummary
  
  
 coauthors or >1 lastn
  
   
 (no wikilink)
 (no wikilink)
  
 alternative to first2, last2...first9, last9
 (no wikilink). n=1 through 9
  
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 †preferred (no wikilink)
  
  alternative to date
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
 ‡(no wikilink).  Synonymous with "contribution".
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

† This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.

‡ If chapterurl is provided then chapter can not have wikilinks.

Параметри[уреди]

Вики врски[уреди]

Повеќето параметри на шаблонот може да бидат во форма на вики врска (т.е. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Опис на параметрите[уреди]

Syntax (for the technical-minded)[уреди]

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)

Опис[уреди]

  • last: Презиме на автор. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (e.g. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The `last' and `first' fields are poorly named for the case of an author whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). They also have the problem of only communicating which is the surname, not communicating where the surname is usually written. Consider deprecating first,last fields, and reinstating author field, using the notation "Smith, John" or "Hu Ke Jie" as appropriate (i.e. always writing surname first, and using comma or not depending on whether the name is usually written surname last or first).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, separated by ", " (e.g. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
      • Whether the surname of the co-authors goes first or last is dependent on the citation style (see the citation style section below) preferred.
  • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first. (deprecated)
  • OR: for multiple authors, use the fields first1, last1, ...,firstn, lastn to 'correctly' record all the information about the book (the first nine authors are printed, then et al. is appended if even more authors were specified). There are corresponding authorlink1, ..., authorlink9 fields as well. This usage is preferred to the use of coauthors.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. Do not Wikilink any values in the editor field but use "editor-link" instead. The template automatically adds "ed." after the editor's name unless the "chapter" parameter is used in which case the template adds "in" before the editor's name which appears after the chapter and before the title.
  • OR: alternatively editor-first and editor-last can be used.
  • OR: for multiple editors up to four in number, use the fields editor1-first, editor1-last, ...,editorn-first, editorn-last to 'correctly' record all the information about the book.
    • editor-link or editor1-link...editorn-link is used in the same way as "authorlink".
    • The "editor" field and its alternates should only be used when the cited author(s) and the book editor(s) are different. If the whole book is cited, instead of a specific part, use the "author" fields (possibly with extra "(ed.)" instead)
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "illustrated by Smith" or "trans. Smith".
  • title: Title of book. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • url: URL of an online location where the book can be found. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title. If applicable, can point to the specific page(s) referenced.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when url was accessed. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
  • edition: When the book has more than one edition. e.g.: "2nd.", "Revised" etc.. Note that the template automatically displays " ed." after this field, so edition=2nd produces "2nd ed.".
  • series: When the book is part of a series of publications
  • volume: For one book published in several volumes. However, this template displays the text in this field in bold type after the "title" and "series" parameters. An alternative is to include the volume information in the "title" field after the main title (see example below). (NB: there is a separate {{Cite encyclopedia}} template).
  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in the same format as the main text of the article. Must not be wikilinked.
  • OR: year: Year of publication edition being referenced, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
    • origyear: Original publication year, for display alongside the date or year. For clarity, please specify as much information as possible, for instance "First published 1859" or "Composed 1904". This parameter only displays if a there is a value for "year" or "date".
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such as "Ltd" or "Inc".
    • location: Geographical place of publication.
  • language: The language the book is written in, if it is not English. The template automatically puts parentheses around the text and adds "in" before the language name.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number such as 1-111-22222-9. Note that "isbn", like all field names, must be in lowercase.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • bibcode: A nineteen character Bibcode identifier.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ASIN}} or {{ISSN}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = ISBN 1-111-22222-9 anymore. Use isbn = 1-111-22222-9.)
  • pages or page: "|pages= 5–7" produces pp. 5–7, while "|page= 5" produces p. 5. The "pp." notation indicating multiple pages, and "p." notation indicating a single page, are placed automatically when you choose between the plural (pages) or singular (page) form of the parameter. These parameters are for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
    • nopp: using "page" or "pages", automatically places the p. or pp. notations. If this is inappropriate—for instance, if page=Front cover, placing any value after nopp will hide the p. or pp. notation.
  • chapter (= contribution): The chapter of the book, written in full. Punctuation other than quotes should be included in the value passed to the parameter, e.g. chapter = Meet Dick and Jane. produces "Meet Dick and Jane." ahead of title.
    • chapterurl: URL of an individual chapter of online book. Should be at the same site as url, if any.
  • quote: Relevant quote from the book.
  • ref: use this parameter to make the reference linkable. The variable is placed after the # in a hyperlink (the fragment identifier). Such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and author-date referencing. See an example for using ref field in citation templates below.
  • laysummary: Link to a non-technical summary (or review) of the book
    • laydate: Date of summary
  • separator: The separator to use in lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to ".", but "," may be useful also.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation. Defaults to ".", but "" may be useful also.
  • lastauthoramp: The separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors. Defaults to "", but "&" may be useful also.

Примери[уреди]

Само наслов
* {{цитирана книга | title=Мистериозна книга }}
  • „Мистериозна книга“. 
Година и наслов
* {{цитирана книга | title=Mysterious book | year=1901 }}
  • „Mysterious book“. 1901. 
Стандардно
* {{цитирана книга | first=Joe | last=Bloggs | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs }}
Стандардно со користење на url
* {{цитирана книга | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Цитирање на заглавие од книга со повеќе автори и издавач
* {{цитирана книга |last=Bloggs | first=Fred |editor-first=John| editor-last=Doe |title=Big Book With Many Chapters |publisher=Book Publishers |date=2001-01-01 |pages=100-110 |chapter=The History Of The Bloggs Family |isbn=1234567890}}
  • Bloggs, Fred (2001-01-01). „The History Of The Bloggs Family“. Doe, John. „Big Book With Many Chapters“. Book Publishers. стр. 100-110. ISBN 1234567890. 
Три автори, наслов и викиврска со |, издание
* {{цитирана книга | last1=Bloggs | first1=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | first2=John | last2=Smith | first3=Jim | last3=Smythe | title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] | edition=2nd }}
Комплексни примери, со користење на параметарот за издание
Без volume параметарот:
*{{цитирана книга|first1=Major-General I.S.O.| last1=Playfair| authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair| first2=Commander G.M.S| last2=Stitt| first3=Brigadier C.J.C.| last3=Molony| first4=Air Vice-Marshall S.E.| last4=Toomer| editor-first=J.R.M| editor-last=Butler| series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series| title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)| publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK|year=2007| origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954| isbn=1-845740-65-3|lastauthoramp=y}}
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. уред. „Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)“. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
Со volume параметар:
*{{цитирана книга |first1=Major-General I.S.O.| last1=Playfair| authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair| first2=Commander G.M.S| last2=Stitt| first3=Brigadier C.J.C.| last3=Molony| first4=Air Vice-Marshall S.E.| last4=Toomer| editor-first=J.R.M| editor-last=Butler| series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series| title=Mediterranean and Middle East|volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)| publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK|year=2007| origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954| isbn=1-845740-65-3|lastauthoramp=y}}
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M. уред. „Mediterranean and Middle East“. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3. 
Датум без ден, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location
* {{Цитирана книга | last=Cordell | first=Bruce R. | coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan | year=2001 | month=September | title=[[Manual of the Planes]] | publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] | location=Timbuktu | isbn=0-7869-1850-8 | pages= 134-137}}
Друг јазик
* {{цитирана книга | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st | language=German | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Користење на DOI
*{{цитирана книга |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X }}
Wikilinks to full references
As mentioned, the bibliographical data of the cited source can be “tagged” by an identifier: this enables the system to “find” the target of the wikilinks. This “tagging” with an identifier can be done by enclosing between <cite id=…>…</cite> tags, but this tool can be superfluous if the bibliographical data are provided with a citation template: the ref field of the chosen citation template must be set to the same name.
Wikilink example edit:

Shamans may fulfill multiple functions, including healing, curing infertile women, and securing the success of hunts.<ref>[[#Mer85|Merkur 1985]]: 4</ref>

== Notes ==

{{reflist|2}}

== References ==

* {{Цитирана книга |last=Merkur |first=Daniel |year=1985 |title=Becoming Half Hidden: Shamanism and Initiation among the Inuit |publisher=Almqvist & Wiksell |location=Stockholm |isbn=91-22-00752-0 |ref=Mer85}}

Example rendered result:

Shamans may fulfill multiple functions, including healing, curing infertile women, and securing the success of hunts.[1]

Notes



References


  • Merkur, Daniel (1985). „Becoming Half Hidden: Shamanism and Initiation among the Inuit“. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. ISBN 91-22-00752-0. 
Attention must be paid: not all other citation templates support this. In such cases, the service can be achieved also by enclosing the concerned bibliographical item inside <cite id=…>…</cite> tags: also this way, it can feature as a target of Wikilinks to full references. The id attribute of the tag must be set to the same name what we would give to the (lacking) ref field of the citation template.

Тестирање[уреди]

Види Template:cite book/regression tests.

Забелешка[уреди]

Note the extra full-stop when the last author ends with an initial, and there is no date:

  • Invisible, M.. „Mysterious book“. 

We don't know of a practical solution to this — unless there is a way to test the characters of a field?

Стилови на цитирање[уреди]

Established citation styles for coauthors:

  • MLA style: Last, First and First Last. "If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al."
  • APA style: Last, F. & Last, F.
  • Chicago Manual of Style: Last, First, and First Last.
  • Turabian: same as Chicago Reference List, above.
  • Harvard: Last, F., Last, F. & Last, F.

COinS[уреди]

Овој шаблон прави COinS метаподатоци; видете COinS на англиската Википедија за повеќе информации.

Алатки[уреди]

Види Wikipedia:Citing sources#Tools за листа на алатки кои може да бидат од помош за креирање на рефернци во формат на 'цитирана книфа'.

Види исто така[уреди]